Rank: Private
Number: 16351
Unit: 12th Battalion MANCHESTER REGIMENT
Date of Death: 19 December 1915
Cemetery: Menin Gate Memorial, Ieper, Belgium

Nothing is known of James' life apart from Regimental records published after the War indicate he had been born in the Openshaw area of Manchester and was living in Heaton Norris when he enlisted into the army at Manchester.

Recruitment for the 12th Battalion started in September 1914 and James joined around this time. After training, the men departed for France on 15 July 1915, landing at Boulogne the following day. The coming weeks were a quiet time and almost the whole of October was spent in camp, well away from the front line.

On 19 December, James and his comrades were in reserve near the Belgian town of Ypres (now Ieper). In the early hours of the morning, they received orders to "stand to" and prepare to move to support the front line trenches at Hooge just outside the town centre. There was heavy bombardment of the line underway and, even in their reserve positions, the troops could detect the smell of gas. At 7am, "B" and "D" Companies moved up to positions north of the town on the banks of the Ypres - Comines Canal. They were heavily shelled with high explosive and gas. They held this position all day until the early evening when they were moved nearer to the front line positions where they continued to be shelled. James was one of four who was killed during the day.

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